Weak optimal ransport solvers


ot.weak.weak_optimal_transport(Xa, Xb, a=None, b=None, verbose=False, log=False, G0=None, **kwargs)[source]

Solves the weak optimal transport problem between two empirical distributions

\[ \begin{align}\begin{aligned}\gamma = \mathop{\arg \min}_\gamma \quad \|X_a-diag(1/a)\gammaX_b\|_F^2\\s.t. \ \gamma \mathbf{1} = \mathbf{a}\\ \gamma^T \mathbf{1} = \mathbf{b}\\ \gamma \geq 0\end{aligned}\end{align} \]

where :

  • \(X_a\) \(X_b\) are the sample matrices.

  • \(\mathbf{a}\) and \(\mathbf{b}\) are the sample weights


This function is backend-compatible and will work on arrays from all compatible backends. But the algorithm uses the C++ CPU backend which can lead to copy overhead on GPU arrays.

Uses the conditional gradient algorithm to solve the problem proposed in [39].

  • Xa ((ns,d) array-like, float) – Source samples

  • Xb ((nt,d) array-like, float) – Target samples

  • a ((ns,) array-like, float) – Source histogram (uniform weight if empty list)

  • b ((nt,) array-like, float) – Target histogram (uniform weight if empty list))

  • numItermax (int, optional) – Max number of iterations

  • numItermaxEmd (int, optional) – Max number of iterations for emd

  • stopThr (float, optional) – Stop threshold on the relative variation (>0)

  • stopThr2 (float, optional) – Stop threshold on the absolute variation (>0)

  • verbose (bool, optional) – Print information along iterations

  • log (bool, optional) – record log if True


  • gamma (array-like, shape (ns, nt)) – Optimal transportation matrix for the given parameters

  • log (dict, optional) – If input log is true, a dictionary containing the cost and dual variables and exit status



Gozlan, N., Roberto, C., Samson, P. M., & Tetali, P. (2017). Kantorovich duality for general transport costs and applications. Journal of Functional Analysis, 273(11), 3327-3405.

See also


Entropic regularized OT


General regularized OT